Monitoring, mapping and safeguarding Kimberley bilbies

The Greater Bilby (Macrotis lagotis) is an iconic Australian marsupial that is known for its conservation significance and high cultural importance to Traditional Owners. Nationally listed as Vulnerable, the bilby is suffering an ongoing decline in range and abundance due to pressures such as habitat loss and degradation, altered fire regimes, and introduced animals like cats, foxes, camels and unmanaged livestock. While the bilby populations in Queensland and the Northern Territory are relatively well-studied, there is not as much known about bilbies in Western Australia.

The West Kimberley region, especially the Dampier Peninsula, La Grange region and southern parts of the Fitzroy River catchment, appears to be a stronghold for wild bilby populations. Consequently, more data is needed from this region to inform land use planning and development decisions, as well as assist ongoing management.



Bilby map

The Greater Bilby once occurred over much of arid Australia, source IUCN.

In the Fitzroy River catchment, bilbies occur across a range of tenures such as pastoral leases, Native Title lands and conservation estates, and a collaborative approach is required to effectively conserve and manage the species. This project is bringing together on-Country Traditional Owner land managers and researchers to build management capacity and help secure the future for bilbies in the Fitzroy River catchment. Project teams are collaborating with pastoralists to undertake studies of bilby populations and provide outcomes for effective coexistence of pastoral land use and the persistence of wild bilbies. This project is providing an accurate understanding of where bilbies occur and how they use their habitat in the Fitzroy River catchment. This information is being used to identify and implement on-ground actions that are helping ease the impacts of threats to bilbies.

As well as gaining an understanding of the status of bilbies in the catchment, this project is contributing to species recovery planning and threat abatement programs. Broader natural resource management and conservation planning is also being supported through the research. The project is extending existing bilby research and management efforts and contribute to the Kimberley Bilby Network. It is also linking with work outside the catchment, such as the Dampier Peninsula Bilby Offset Project and bilby projects in the Pilbara.

This project is:

  • delivering information on the distribution, abundance and habitat suitability for bilbies in the study area, including data on the connectedness of bilby colonies
  • improving understanding of how current pressures impact bilbies in the catchment and how they can be reduced or prevented to stop the species’ ongoing decline
  • working with Traditional Owners, rangers and pastoralists to monitor bilbies, refine survey methods, undertake threat management and help build local capacity in these areas
  • supporting land use planning, healthy country planning and co-existence of grazing and wild bilby populations.

Project activities

  • Assess the distribution and trends in occurrence and abundance of bilbies in the Fitzroy River catchment
  • Investigate how bilbies use their habitat in the Fitzroy River catchment and relate this to habitat attributes and threats
  • Reduce the impact of introduced predators on bilbies with an appropriate predator control program
  • Assess the impacts of managing introduced predators, fire, grazing and other pressures on the bilby.

Anticipated outputs

  • Management recommendations (e.g. for fire, grazing and pest control) based on an understanding of bilby distribution, abundance and habitat suitability to help ensure the co-existence of wild bilby populations and pastoralism
  • Information on introduced predators and the response of bilby colonies to predator abatement actions
  • Better data on bilbies for Traditional Owner databases and for portals such as NatureMap and the Atlas of Living Australia
  • Factsheets, posters and presentations
  • Peer-reviewed publications and technical reports.

This research is happening in the Fitzroy River catchment in Western Australia.

This project is being led by the team at the Western Australia Department of Biodiversity, Parks & Attractions (DBCA). The team is being assisted by Environs Kimberley, Traditional Owner ranger teams and the Kimberley Land Council.

This project is due for completion in December 2021.

Dr Lesley Gibson, WA Dept of Biodiversity, Conservation & Attractions
[email protected]
08 9219 9069


  • Greater Bilby, photo Bill Bachman/Alamy stock photo
  • The bilby is often difficult to photograph due to its nocturnal and solitary habits, photo WA Dept of Biodiversity, Conservation & Attractions
  • Bilby burrow, photo WA Dept of Biodiversity, Conservation & Attractions
  • Bilby scats, tracks and diggings, photo WA Dept of Biodiversity, Conservation & Attractions
  • Bilby tracks, photo WA Dept of Biodiversity, Conservation & Attractions